Some of the most popular debates and trivial conversations people have, include the topic of global influence and popularity. Don’t tell us you’ve never wondered or never participated in a debate about who are the most influential people in history. This is a topic that usually leads to further
Some of the most popular debates and trivial conversations people have, include the topic of global influence and popularity. Don’t tell us you’ve never wondered or never participated in a debate about who are the most influential people in history. This is a topic that usually leads to further discussion and debate on who is the strongest, the smartest, the most beautiful, and a series of unresolved questions that nobody can answer with absolute certainty. Pantheon, a project developed by the Macro Connections group at the MIT University Media Lab that collected and analyzed data on historical and cultural popularity, tried to give answers to these questions, or at least attempted to. A multiethnic team of decorated designers, engineers, and scientists working collaboratively to quantify, analyze and measure global culture delivered the most academic and enduring list of the most popular and influential human beings in history. Since the top 100 is heavily dominated by philosophers, military personnel, politicians, scientists, and religious figures, we here at List25 decided to deliver a roster of the 25 most famous people in history by profession and attribute.
20. Elvis Presley, Singer – Overall Rank #117
Elvis, the “King of Rock ‘n’ Roll,” is, according to the MIT study (and numerous others), the most famous and influential singer of all time. We might add that he’s also the biggest-selling solo artist in history with estimated sales of over a billion records according to his record company. A recent poll by a Japanese magazine showed that Elvis is the most popular American personality of all time in Japan, ahead of presidents, generals, businessmen, social activists, and other entertainers, representative of his immense popularity and influence around the globe.
15. Sigmund Freud, Psychologist – Overall Rank #49
Sigmund Freud was a famous Austrian neurologist, the founding father of psychoanalysis, and without question the most famous figure of the academic and applied discipline of psychology. Despite the fact that some of his theories were really controversial, especially his obsession with the Oedipus complex, which many historians speculate derived from his own feelings of desire for his mother and jealousy and anger toward his father, many of his psychological and psychotherapeutic views and associated techniques remain popular within psychotherapy and general psychiatry to this day.
10. Isaac Newton, Physicist – Overall Rank #22
Sir Isaac Newton has surpassed Albert Einstein as the most influential physicist of all time outranking him by one place. The great English scientist is globally considered the key figure in the Scientific Revolution and his revolutionary scientific discoveries influenced many other great scientists including Einstein. Most experts and historians agree that his book Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy laid the foundation for classical mechanics and he also shares credit with Gottfried Leibniz for inventing calculus.
5. Julius Caesar, Politician – Overall Rank #8
Julius Caesar was, according to most historians and political analysts, the most important figure in Roman history. He was a great strategist and general but also a charismatic politician who changed the form of government in Rome while his conquests laid the foundation for the development of European and Western culture. Although he was of aristocratic origin, he fought for the lowest social classes and the poor of Rome, which was the main reason behind his assassination.
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Read more: http://imgur.com/gallery/rbET2CL
Have you ever gone to the gym, looked at the machines and thought to yourself, How do I use these? And which ones are right for me personally? I know I have. Ive been an avid gym-goer since my early 20s, and years later, I still have questions as to whether I’m working out in a way that reflects
Have you ever gone to the gym, looked at the machines and thought to yourself, How do I use these? And which ones are right for me personally?
I know I have. Ive been an avid gym-goer since my early 20s, and years later, I still have questions as to whether I’m working out in a way that reflects my goals, who I am and what I like.
The Internet floods us with conflicting information when it tells us how to optimize our workouts; are we supposed to do cardio first, followed by strength training? Or is it the other way around?
Most importantly, to keep working out as something I love versus something I dread, how can I work out in a way that wont bore me to death? Is the workout Im doing now one thats perfect for my body, my fitness goals and who I am as a person?
Fortunately, I had the pleasure of speaking with John Rowley, a best-selling author, certified personal trainer and ISSA director of wellness. He told me there are three different kinds of people in this world: the quitters, who go to the gym once or twice and then give up forever;the one-timers, who go in with one specific goal, such as losing 20 pounds or toning up; and the hobby-cultivators, who start going to the gym with one intention in mind, but then end up loving it and making it a part of their habitual routine.
Of those three types of people, there are certain kinds of people who work out in particular ways unique to their personalities – and not just their gym personalities, but their personalities IRL.
Heres what Johnsaysyour go-to workout says about your personality.
If you stick just to the treadmill, youre noncommittal.
To all of the cardio bunnies: If youre merely spending your gym time on the treadmill, you should consider trying other equipment. You might be sticking to this machine because it gives you that great “runner’s high,” but long periods of cardio don’t do much besides burn calories.
It’sfine if you’re looking to lose weight, but to give your metabolism a boost and see muscle definition, hop off the treadmill and onto the weight machines.
If you stick to weight machines, you enjoy your comfort zone.
Because machines tell us what to do and how to do it, many of us develop a sort of comfort from using strictly them. When we use free weights, we’re more vulnerable andprone to looking foolish by practicing bad form in front of the rest of the gym-goers – which is enough to scare off the people who like to stick to what they know.
You are the kind of person who might just be afraid to branch out and try new routines on the mats, for example.
If you stick to free weights, youre more serious about getting results.
Free weights users, you are the seasoned pack of the bunch. You also go to the gym with the intention of getting stronger and progressing the more you exercise.
There is a psychology to wanting to grow in the gym with using free weights; after we use them, we can physically feel and track our progress because we are more likely to stand in front of a mirror and watch our form.
In life, you are probably incredibly goal-oriented and will do whatever it takes as a means to an end.
If you stick to group workouts, youre focused on having a memorable gym experience.
Theres actually something to that whole SoulCycle trend…
Women arent just concerned with getting in shape; theyre keen on viewing their cardio craze as an experience they plan on taking with them outside the gym.
They want to kick butt, but also deem their group workout worthy enough to be a topic of conversation at their next girls night out.
You’re the type of person to use your friends as motivation to hit the gym, and you might have a hard time creating incentive for solo workouts.
If you stick to solo workouts, you use the gym as an escape.
If youre not into sharing your exercise experience with someone else, youre most likely a lone wolf.
For you, the gym is like therapy: it’s a place for you to be yourself, without judgment and without having to compromise. Your priority is to get the best possible results, not gab with your girlfriend on the elliptical next to you.
I personally look at the gym as my me time: time I take out of my day whenIm not expected to talk to anyone or do anything for anyone. And theres nothing wrong with being a little selfish at the gym because it’s one of the few places where wecan do things at our own pace.
Regardless of your individual personality, John encourages everyone to make time for one thing.
That one thing is resistance training. He pointed out that people who are embarrassed to do it gravitate toward the “easier” machines, like the elliptical and stairclimber, and make a home out of them.
He is also an avid proponent of what he calls the “King TUT Method,” which stands for Time Under Tension.
What he means by this iswe should take 20 to 30 second rest periods between sets of lifting because having that rest time is crucial to getting the most out of your workout and keeping your muscles from getting too tired before working them again. This way, you are stimulating metabolism while also pushing the muscles.
In the end, its always better to do something over nothing – so if you can squeeze in 30 minutes a day, three days a week doing strength training, you’ll still be able to see results.
An added bonus is staggering the other days doing aerobic exercise and eating right, because abs are made in the kitchen, not the gym.
Also, if you’re interested in more of what John has to say, you can order his books, “The Power Of Positive Fitness” and “Climb Your Ladder Of Success Without Running Out of Gas,” here.
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This book review will be published in the forthcoming July/August issue of WOD Talk Magazine.
By Hamza Shaban
Kelly Starrett is the Deepak Chopra of sports medicine. Classically trained but reformist of mind, the good doctor hopes to reshape the tradition of physiotherapy from which he sprang. But it’s not divine transcendence Starrett supplies. Instead, he offers something quietly profound and entirely more useful, a way for us humans to perform basic maintenance on our bodies.
In his colossus of corporal knowledge, Becoming A Supple Leopard: The Ultimate Guide to Resolving Pain, Preventing Injury, and Optimizing Athletic Performance (Victory Belt Publishing), Starrett bares his offering to the gods of sport: the Movement and Mobility System.
With the foundation of a traditional strength and conditioning program-arduous lifts and ferocious sprints-coupled with a training philosophy that views correct movement as the ultimate skill, Starrett wishes to steer sports medicine away from coping with injury and toward performance longevity. He does this by testing and refining our most primal movements. These fundamental iterations of push, pull, and drive like the squat, deadlift, and press serve dual functions. They are furnaces forging iron-like flesh and diagnostic instruments. By revealing faulty biomechanics and stalled motor control, Starrett’s emphasis on mobility makes the invisible visible.
In the author’s paradigm, performing a push press not only fortifies the muscle fibers in the legs and shoulders, it also exposes how a person might reflexively push or jump. During the dip before the drive, does the athlete allow her knees to lurch forward, putting undue stress on the hinge joint and forcing the lower spine to overextend? As the bar travels upward, do her elbows flare outward, coercing her shoulders into a compromised, internally rotated position? For Starrett, the drills adopted by strength and conditioning coaches pinpoint our mechanical limitations and confess our anatomical pathologies. As Starrett writes, “By consistently and systematically exposing athletes to the rigors and full-range movements and optimal human motor-control, we’re able to quickly identify force leaks, torque dumps, bad technique, motor inefficiency, poorly integrated movement patterns, holes in strength, speed, and metabolic conditioning; and restrictions in mobility.”
While Starrett’s doctrine of “gym as laboratory” is hardly groundbreaking, his articulation of three movement principles-spine stabilization, one-joint rule, and maximizing torque-is a significant and lasting contribution to sports science.
Supple Leopard builds on the long-standing idea that the stabilization of the spine is of utmost importance. This axiom holds true for yielding peak athletic achievement (Usain Bolt, SEAL Team 6) and maintaining a healthy skeleton (everyone else). Because the human body radiates power outward-from core to extremity, from torso to limb-setting and bracing the trunk should be the first step in any physical endeavor. With a fixed, tight center, the ribcage is stacked directly atop the pelvis, an ideal carriage to whip horsepower from the hips and shoulders. And the back is flat-it’s optimal shape for transmitting tenacity. To organize the spine, Starrett uses a simple 4-step approach. Stand tall and squeeze the glutes; tuck in the ribcage; exhale and stiffen the abs; gaze forward with shoulders broad and down.
From this organized and sturdy bearing, we construct the best pose for any feat of strength. Absent this transferable, repeatable routine, Starrett argues that athletes compromise the structures of their central nervous system, and wreak carnal havoc on the joints north and south of the trunk. (This serves as a habit-making paradigm. In frenzied combat and furious sport the idealized stance will always be challenged, negotiated, or surrendered.)
Without first bracing the core for a deadlift, the backbone will prove its flexibility and round-in order to accommodate the load. Where a proper pull from the ground features a back as straight and rigid as a wrench handle, a relaxed midsection invites dangerous sheer forces on the lumbar vertebrae, begging for disc slippage. Without an engaged butt to initiate a back squat, the spine defaults into hyperextension, a gnarly bone-on-bone clash also known as “stripper’s arch.”
As Starrett demonstrates, the spry spectrum of flexion and extension should be expressed in the arms and legs, not by the spinal cord. This is what he means by the “one joint rule.” Otherwise, in a desperate effort to provide some form of stability, the body will naturally fall back on secondary arrangements, like hunched shoulders or a rounded back. Allow these second order postures to become habit, and faulty motor patterns become reflexes, normal joint function disintegrates into disability. On ugly form, the shrewd instructor remarks, “It’s not a problem until it becomes a problem.”
This is where Starrett’s favorite concept arrives: torque. While the human animal appears in many sizes and proportional arrangements, the mechanics of the hips and shoulders are the same for everyone. Both types of joints are ball-in-socket. A sac of ligaments and fibrous tissue surround the joint and connect bone and cartilage. These leathery bags provide freedom to move and create stability through rotation. At the top of a pushup, to actively point your elbows-pits forward is to harness rotational force, or torsion. This action screws the shoulder joint tightly in place, like wringing a towel around a tennis ball. When trainers tell their students to “snap the barbell” during the bench press, they are cueing a twisting, squeezing motion to externally rotate the shoulder and create torque. From a joint that is wound-up and stable, muscles can safely and efficiently move bone, which produces enormous amounts of power.
Throughout the book, Starrett utilizes the laws of torque and the primacy of spine stabilization to guide us through dozens of beastly engagements. Minus a braced midline and torqued-up joints, we learn that exertion is wasted. The body, in a drastic triage, will hunt for tension any way it can. “If you don’t or can’t create a stable position from which to generate force, our body will provide one for you,” Starrett explains. In the squat, this manifests itself in knees and ankles that collapse inward. In the press, it looks like an arched lower back and rounded shoulders. In the deadlift it’s the donkey-butt hips that shoot up, or the collapsed thorax that caves in.
The reader begins to see the teacher’s lessons everywhere: offices filled with hunched over desk workers; walkers and runners with feet turned out, like a duck’s; and worst of all, gym-goers showing all the wrong signs-a soft middle and a reckless, baffling inattention to good form.
With simplicity and precision, Starrett illuminates the body’s crude elegance. His chapter “The Systems” replaces the narrow concept of stretching, and in its place, advances a more holistic method that goes beyond “end range static stretching.” It includes motor control, range of motion dysfunction, joint capsule issues, and short, tense muscles. Armed with a dungeon master’s medieval arsenal-stretch bands, foam rollers, lacrosse balls, Voodoo floss, and the sadistic, gracious hands of a super-friend, Starrett teaches us how to self-massage, dispatch nagging pain and heal tweaked tissues.
Many readers will recognize Kelly Starrett from his popular blog, MobilityWod. Supple Leopard is a logical extension of this undertaking. The website presents daily mobility routines and addresses recurring themes in athletic life (of the field and cubicle variety). Starrett on the page is much like “K-Star” from the videos, playfully illuminating and methodically convincing. His vision of human mobility has an intellectual coherence rare in the fitness world.
As a writer, blogger, and touring seminar coach, Starrett is CrossFit’s ombudsmen. Along with exemplars of gymnastics and Olympic lifting Carl Paoli and Diane Fu, both prominent co-stars in Supple Leopard, Starrett is CrossFit’s most dedicated and constructive critic. This is just one more reason why the book is a crucial work. It is a worthy attempt to shift our fitness culture away from “How much do you bench?” and closer to “How good is your bench press form?”
Against the miasma of meat-head gym-wisdom and the circus of poor technique, Starrett’s project is a much needed corrective. “Remember,” K-Star urges, “your tissues were designed to be 110 years old. You just have to know what the stable, tissue-saving, catastrophe-avoiding positions are. And, you have to practice them. A lot.”
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